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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Psychometric evaluation of the German version of a social support scale of FAFHES (family functioning, family health and social support)
Authors: Ris, Irène
Schnepp, Wilfried
Mahrer Imhof, Romy
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1111/scs.12700
Published in: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Volume(Issue): 34
Issue: 1
Page(s): 34
Pages to: 43
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Wiley
Language: English
Subjects: Community care; Family caregiver; Involvement into care; Psychometrics; Questionnaire; Social support
Subject (DDC): 610.73: Nursing
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Family members often need to be supported in informal care of the elderly and desire to be involved into care planning and decision-making. Valid and reliable instruments are needed to measure how family members perceive the care and support they receive from nurses for older family members living at home. AIM: The purpose of this study was to translate the 20-item social support scale of the Family Functioning, Family Health and Social Support (FAFHES) questionnaire from English to German and test the validity and reliability of the scale among Swiss-German-speaking family caregivers of home-dwelling elderly people who receive home healthcare services. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to test the empirical and psychometric properties of the translated and culturally adapted version of the social support questionnaire. A factor analysis with the principal component analysis PCA was used to test construct validity. The internal consistency of items was measured with the Cronbach`s alpha coefficient. RESULTS: After a rigorous translation process the original 20-item questionnaire was adapted into a 19-item version and tested with family caregivers (n = 207) of home-dwelling elderly. Psychometric testing of the German version of the social support questionnaire revealed that the three factors - affirmation, affect and concrete aid - were congruent with the original questionnaire. The accounted variance was 79.5% and the internal consistency determined by the Cronbach's alpha was 0.973. CONCLUSION: The German version of the social support scale of the FAFHES questionnaire is a valid and reliable instrument to assess family perceived support on three dimensions - affirmation, affect and concrete aid - received from nursing professionals. The questionnaire should be tested further in other German-speaking populations
Further description: This is the peer reviewed version which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Not specified
Departement: School of Health Sciences
Organisational Unit: Institute of Nursing (IPF)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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