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Publication type: Master thesis
Title: The impact of the financial crisis on the Gross Domestic Product: Technical Analysis
Authors: Miletic, Mario
Advisors / Reviewers: Rueda Maurer, Maria Clara
DOI: 10.21256/zhaw-19571
Extent: 120
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher / Ed. Institution: ZHAW Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Winterthur
Language: English
Subject (DDC): 330: Economics
Abstract: According to the existing literature in macroeconomics, a recession reduces output and employment in the short run; after an adjustment process, however, the output is expected to return to its long-term equilibrium and employment to come back to its natural level. Theory notwithstanding, many economists shed doubts on this idea; according to them, a recession may permanently reduce potential output by destroying capital, human capital, and knowledge. This thesis seeks to evaluate the impact of the European financial crisis on the potential output of different European countries. To answer the research question – For the so-defined “PIIGS” countries: how did the differential between potential GDP and observed GDP develop after the financial crisis of 2008? – the Box-Jenkins technique is implemented to shape an autoregressive integrated moving average model, which can forecast the development of the potential Gross Domestic Product. Additionally, an application of the Long Short-Term Memory Networks based on an Artificial Recurrent Neural Network architecture is proposed as a starting point on which to develop a more in-depth analysis. The outcomes resulting from the empirical analysis are mainly uniform across countries: a small impact is detected in the proximity of the financial crisis, which, however, expands over time. The only circumstance where it is possible to report a complete economic recovery is in Ireland. All the other economies reflect a situation in which the potential GDP forecasted is significantly above the observed GDP.
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Departement: School of Management and Law
Appears in collections:MSc Banking and Finance

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