Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: No-meat eaters are less likely to be overweight or obese, but take dietary supplements more often : results from the Swiss National Nutrition survey menuCH
Authors: Steinbach, Lydia
Rohrmann, Sabine
Kaelin, Ivo
Krieger, Jean-Philippe
Pestoni, Giulia
Herter-Aeberli, Isabel
Faeh, David
Sych, Janice Marie
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020003079
Published in: Public Health Nutrition
Volume(Issue): 24
Issue: 13
Page(s): 4156
Pages to: 4165
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 1368-9800
Language: English
Subjects: Dietary survey; Meat consumption; Switzerland; Vegetarian
Subject (DDC): 613.2: Dietetics
614: Public health and prevention of disease
Abstract: Objective: To describe and analyse the sociodemographic, anthropometric, behavioural and dietary characteristics of different types of Swiss (no-)meat eaters. Design: No-, low-, medium- and high-meat eaters were compared with respect to energy and total protein intake and sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural characteristics. Setting: National Nutrition Survey menuCH, the first representative survey in Switzerland. Participants: 2057 participants, aged 18–75 years old, who completed two 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR) and a questionnaire on dietary habits, sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Body weight and height were measured by trained interviewers. No-meat eaters were participants who reported meat avoidance in the questionnaire and did not report any meat consumption in the 24-HDR. Remaining study participants were assigned to the group of low-, medium- or high-meat eaters based on energy contributions of total meat intake to total energy intake (meat:energy ratio). Fifteen percentage of the participants were assigned to the low- and high-meat eating groups, and the remaining to the medium-meat eating group. Results: Overall, 4·4 % of the study participants did not consume meat. Compared with medium-meat eaters, no-meat eaters were more likely to be single and users of dietary supplements. Women and high-educated individuals were less likely to be high-meat eaters, whereas overweight and obese individuals were more likely to be high-meat eaters. Total energy intake was similar between the four different meat consumption groups, but no-meat eaters had lowest total protein intake. Conclusions: This study identified important differences in sociodemographic, anthropometric, behavioural and dietary factors between menuCH participants with different meat-eating habits.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation (ILGI)
Institute of Computational Life Sciences (ICLS)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Was isst die Schweiz?
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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