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|Publication type:||Article in scientific journal|
|Type of review:||Peer review (publication)|
|Title:||A longitudinal study on generalized anxiety among university students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Switzerland|
von Wyl, Agnes
|Published in:||Frontiers in Psychology|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||Frontiers Research Foundation|
|Subjects:||Anxiety; Longitudinal; Lockdown; Coronavirus; COVID-19 pandemic; Linear mixed model|
|Subject (DDC):||158: Applied psychology |
305: Groups (age, origine, gender, income)
|Abstract:||Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic and government measures implemented to counter the spread of the infection may be a major stressor affecting the psychological health of university students. This study aimed to explore how anxiety symptoms changed during the pandemic. Methods: 676 students (76% females) at Zurich University of Applied Sciences participated in the first (T0) and second (T1) survey waves. Anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-Scale-7 (GAD-7). Risk and protective factors (e.g., COVID-19-related variables) were examined. Results: GAD-7 scores decreased significantly from T0 to T1 (mean change:-0.446, SE = 0.132, 95% CI: -0.706, -0.186, t = -3.371, df = 659, p = 0.001). Participants with moderate-to-severe anxiety score were 20.2 and 15.6% at T0 and T1, respectively. The following positively predicted anxiety: older age, female gender, non-Swiss nationality, loneliness, participants’ concern about their own health, and interaction between time and participants’ concern about their own health. Resilience and social support negatively predicted anxiety. Conclusions: Our findings provide information for public health measures and psychological interventions supporting the mental health of university students during the COVID-19 emergency.|
|Fulltext version:||Published version|
|License (according to publishing contract):||CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International|
|Departement:||Applied Psychology |
School of Health Sciences
|Organisational Unit:||Psychological Institute (PI) |
Institute of Public Health (IPH)
|Published as part of the ZHAW project:||Gesundheit von Studierenden in Zeiten der Corona-Pandemie|
|Appears in collections:||Publikationen Gesundheit|
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|2021_Amendola-etal_Longitudinal-study-on-generalized-anxiety.pdf||1.5 MB||Adobe PDF|
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Amendola, S., von Wyl, A., Volken, T., Zysset, A., Huber, M., & Dratva, J. (2021). A longitudinal study on generalized anxiety among university students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Switzerland. Frontiers in Psychology, 12(643171). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643171
Amendola, S. et al. (2021) ‘A longitudinal study on generalized anxiety among university students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Switzerland’, Frontiers in Psychology, 12(643171). Available at: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643171.
S. Amendola, A. von Wyl, T. Volken, A. Zysset, M. Huber, and J. Dratva, “A longitudinal study on generalized anxiety among university students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Switzerland,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12, no. 643171, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643171.
Amendola, Simone, et al. “A Longitudinal Study on Generalized Anxiety among University Students during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Switzerland.” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 12, no. 643171, Mar. 2021, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643171.
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