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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: The separation power of highly porous 3D nanofiber sponges
Authors: Risch, Patricia
Adlhart, Christian
et. al: No
DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2022.354
Published in: Chimia
Volume(Issue): 76
Issue: 4
Page(s): 354
Pages to: 360
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Schweizerische Chemische Gesellschaft
ISSN: 0009-4293
Language: English
Subjects: Aerosol filtration; Filtration mechanism; Microplastic; Nanofiber aerogel; Nanofiber sponge; Water purification
Subject (DDC): 660: Chemical engineering
Abstract: Sponges formed by the self-assembly of nanofiber building blocks are versatile materials used in various fields such as filtration, thermal insulation, scaffolding or sound absorption. Their potential seems to be constantly expanding given the variety of possible fiber materials, from bio-based to fossil polymers to inorganic nanofibers. In general, nanofiber sponges – also called nanofiber aerogels – are flexible, have low density, and a large specific surface area thanks to their tunable open-porous nanofiber based architecture. The latter property makes nanofiber sponges an interesting material for separation problems, as recently demonstrated for a variety of mixtures such as aerosols, emulsions, dispersions, solutions or two-phase systems. Due to their highly porous structure, they generally exhibit high filtration efficiency, flow rate and capacity. This article reviews the state of the art in the application of 3D nanofiber sponges for the different classes of mixtures. We will discuss on a mechanistic basis why nanofiber sponges are particularly well suited for separation applications. Finally, their performance in terms of efficiency, flow rate, capacity and regeneration will be compared to other fiber-based filter media.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology (ICBT)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: BIOMAT (Integrated Bio-based Materials Value Chains)
Nanofaserbasierte Aerogele für ein Filtrationssystem in biotechnologischen Downstream Prozessen
Digitale Simulation zur individualisierten Fertigung von 3D Nanofaserfilter und Integration in Vollschutzanzug für Pandemiefälle
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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