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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Distance decay 2.0 : a global synthesis of taxonomic and functional turnover in ecological communities
Authors: Graco‐Roza, Caio
Aarnio, Sonja
Abrego, Nerea
Acosta, Alicia T. R.
Alahuhta, Janne
Altman, Jan
Angiolini, Claudia
Aroviita, Jukka
Attorre, Fabio
Baastrup‐Spohr, Lars
Barrera‐Alba, José J.
Belmaker, Jonathan
Biurrun, Idoia
Bonari, Gianmaria
Bruelheide, Helge
Burrascano, Sabina
Carboni, Marta
Cardoso, Pedro
Carvalho, José C.
Castaldelli, Giuseppe
Christensen, Morten
Correa, Gilsineia
Dembicz, Iwona
Dengler, Jürgen
Dolezal, Jiri
Domingos, Patricia
Erös, Tibor
Ferreira, Carlos E. L.
Filibeck, Goffredo
Floeter, Sergio R.
Friedlander, Alan M.
Gammal, Johanna
Gavioli, Anna
Gossner, Martin M.
Granot, Itai
Guarino, Riccardo
Gustafsson, Camilla
Hayden, Brian
He, Siwen
Heilmann‐Clausen, Jacob
Heino, Jani
Hunter, John T.
Huszar, Vera L. M.
Janišová, Monika
Jyrkänkallio‐Mikkola, Jenny
Kahilainen, Kimmo K.
Kemppinen, Julia
Kozub, Łukasz
Kruk, Carla
Kulbiki, Michel
Kuzemko, Anna
Christiaan le Roux, Peter
Lehikoinen, Aleksi
Teixeira de Lima, Domênica
Lopez‐Urrutia, Angel
Lukács, Balázs A.
Luoto, Miska
Mammola, Stefano
Marinho, Marcelo M.
Menezes, Luciana S.
Milardi, Marco
Miranda, Marcela
Moser, Gleyci A. O.
Mueller, Joerg
Niittynen, Pekka
Norkko, Alf
Nowak, Arkadiusz
Ometto, Jean P.
Ovaskainen, Otso
Overbeck, Gerhard E.
Pacheco, Felipe S.
Pajunen, Virpi
Palpurina, Salza
Picazo, Félix
Prieto, Juan A. C.
Rodil, Iván F.
Sabatini, Francesco M.
Salingré, Shira
De Sanctis, Michele
Segura, Angel M.
da Silva, Lucia H. S.
Stevanovic, Zora D.
Swacha, Grzegorz
Teittinen, Anette
Tolonen, Kimmo T.
Tsiripidis, Ioannis
Virta, Leena
Wang, Beixin
Wang, Jianjun
Weisser, Wolfgang
Xu, Yuan
Soininen, Janne
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1111/geb.13513
Published in: Global Ecology and Biogeography
Volume(Issue): 31
Issue: 7
Page(s): 1399
Pages to: 1421
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Wiley
ISSN: 1466-8238
Language: English
Subjects: β- diversity; Spatial distance; Biogeography; Environmental gradient; Trait
Subject (DDC): 333.7: Land, natural recreational areas
Abstract: Aim: Understanding the variation in community composition and species abundances (i.e., β-diversity) is at the heart of community ecology. A common approach to examine β-diversity is to evaluate directional variation in community composition by measuring the decay in the similarity among pairs of communities along spatial or environmental distance. We provide the first global synthesis of taxonomic and functional distance decay along spatial and environmental distance by analysing 148 datasets comprising different types of organisms and environments. Location: Global. Time period: 1990 to present. Major taxa studied: From diatoms to mammals. Method: We measured the strength of the decay using ranked Mantel tests (Mantel r) and the rate of distance decay as the slope of an exponential fit using generalized linear models. We used null models to test whether functional similarity decays faster or slower than expected given the taxonomic decay along the spatial and environmental distance. We also unveiled the factors driving the rate of decay across the datasets, including latitude, spatial extent, realm and organismal features. Results: Taxonomic distance decay was stronger than functional distance decay along both spatial and environmental distance. Functional distance decay was random given the taxonomic distance decay. The rate of taxonomic and functional spatial distance decay was fastest in the datasets from mid-latitudes. Overall, datasets covering larger spatial extents showed a lower rate of decay along spatial distance but a higher rate of decay along environmental distance. Marine ecosystems had the slowest rate of decay along environmental distances. Main conclusions: In general, taxonomic distance decay is a useful tool for biogeographical research because it reflects dispersal-related factors in addition to species responses to climatic and environmental variables. Moreover, functional distance decay might be a cost-effective option for investigating community changes in heterogeneous environments.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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