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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Estimating the value of life and injury for pedestrians using a stated preference framework
Authors: Niroomand, Naghmeh
Jenkins, Glenn P.
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2017.06.006
Published in: Journal of Safety Research
Volume(Issue): 2017
Issue: 62
Page(s): 81
Pages to: 87
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-4375
Language: English
Subjects: Choice experiment; Pedestrian time; Value of a statistical life; Value of an injury
Subject (DDC): 363: Environmental and security problems
Abstract: Introduction: The incidence of pedestrian death over the period 2010 to 2014 per 1000,000 in North Cyprus is about 2.5 times that of the EU, with 10.5 times more pedestrian road injuries than deaths. With the prospect of North Cyprus entering the EU, many investments need to be undertaken to improve road safety in order to reach EU benchmarks. Method: We conducted a stated choice experiment to identify the preferences and tradeoffs of pedestrians in North Cyprus for improved walking times, pedestrian costs, and safety. The choice of route was examined using mixed logit models to obtain the marginal utilities associated with each attribute of the routes that consumers chose. These were used to estimate the individuals' willingness to pay (WTP) to save walking time and to avoid pedestrian fatalities and injuries. We then used the results to obtain community-wide estimates of the value of a statistical life (VSL) saved, the value of an injury (VI) prevented, and the value per hour of walking time saved. Results: The estimate of the VSL was €699,434 and the estimate of VI was €20,077. These values are consistent, after adjusting for differences in incomes,with the median results of similar studies done for EU countries. The estimated value of time to pedestrians is €7.20 per person hour. Conclusions: The ratio of deaths to injuries is much higher for pedestrians than for road accidents, and this is completely consistent with the higher estimated WTP to avoid a pedestrian accident than to avoid a car accident. The value of time of €7.20 is quite high relative to the wages earned. Practical applications: Findings provide a set of information on the VRR for fatalities and injuries and the value of pedestrian time that is critical for conducing ex ante appraisals of investments to improve pedestrian safety.
Fulltext version: Accepted version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: Center for Economic Policy (FWP)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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