Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Tail-risk protection trading strategies
Authors: Packham, Natalie
Papenbrock, Jochen
Schwendner, Peter
Woebbeking, Fabian
DOI: 10.1080/14697688.2016.1249512
Published in: Quantitative Finance
Volume(Issue): 17
Issue: 5
Page(s): 729
Pages to: 744
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Routledge
ISSN: 1469-7688
Language: English
Subjects: Extreme event; Tail distribution; Portfolio protection; Tail-risk protection
Subject (DDC): 332: Financial economics
Abstract: Starting from well-known empirical stylized facts of financial time series, we develop dynamic portfolio protection trading strategies based on econometric methods. As a criterion for riskiness, we consider the evolution of the value-at-risk spread from a GARCH model with normal innovations relative to a GARCH model with generalized innovations. These generalized innovations may for example follow a Student t, a generalized hyperbolic, an alpha-stable or a Generalized Pareto distribution (GPD). Our results indicate that the GPD distribution provides the strongest signals for avoiding tail risks. This is not surprising as the GPD distribution arises as a limit of tail behaviour in extreme value theory and therefore is especially suited to deal with tail risks. Out-of-sample backtests on 11 years of DAX futures data, indicate that the dynamic tail-risk protection strategy effectively reduces the tail risk while outperforming traditional portfolio protection strategies. The results are further validated by calculating the statistical significance of the results obtained using bootstrap methods. A number of robustness tests including application to other assets further underline the effectiveness of the strategy. Finally, by empirically testing for second-order stochastic dominance, we find that risk averse investors would be willing to pay a positive premium to move from a static buy-and-hold investment in the DAX future to the tail-risk protection strategy.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: Institute of Wealth & Asset Management (IWA)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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Packham, N., Papenbrock, J., Schwendner, P., & Woebbeking, F. (2016). Tail-risk protection trading strategies. Quantitative Finance, 17(5), 729–744.
Packham, N. et al. (2016) ‘Tail-risk protection trading strategies’, Quantitative Finance, 17(5), pp. 729–744. Available at:
N. Packham, J. Papenbrock, P. Schwendner, and F. Woebbeking, “Tail-risk protection trading strategies,” Quantitative Finance, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 729–744, 2016, doi: 10.1080/14697688.2016.1249512.
PACKHAM, Natalie, Jochen PAPENBROCK, Peter SCHWENDNER und Fabian WOEBBEKING, 2016. Tail-risk protection trading strategies. Quantitative Finance. 2016. Bd. 17, Nr. 5, S. 729–744. DOI 10.1080/14697688.2016.1249512
Packham, Natalie, Jochen Papenbrock, Peter Schwendner, and Fabian Woebbeking. 2016. “Tail-Risk Protection Trading Strategies.” Quantitative Finance 17 (5): 729–44.
Packham, Natalie, et al. “Tail-Risk Protection Trading Strategies.” Quantitative Finance, vol. 17, no. 5, 2016, pp. 729–44,

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