Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Contrasting mechanisms of spontaneous adsorption at liquid–liquid interfaces of nanoparticles constituted of and grafted with pH-responsive polymers
Authors: Wu, Dalin
Honciuc, Andrei
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b00877
Published in: Langmuir
Volume(Issue): 34
Issue: 21
Page(s): 6170
Pages to: 6182
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher / Ed. Institution: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0743-7463
1520-5827
Language: English
Subjects: Hydrogel Nanoparticles; Interfaces
Subject (DDC): 540: Chemistry
Abstract: Elucidating the mechanisms responsible for spontaneous adsorption of nanoparticles (NPs) at interfaces is important for their application as emulsifiers, bubble stabilizers, or foaming agents. In order to investigate the key factors that control the spontaneous adsorption of NPs at liquid-liquid interfaces, we synthesized seven different types of NPs from pH-responsive polymers poly(2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDEAEMA) and poly(2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) via surfactant-free emulsion polymerization or via "grafting from" polystyrene (PS) NPs. The dynamic interfacial tension (IFT) measurements at the toluene-water (Tol-H2O) interface reveal that when PDEAEMA and PDMAEMA are grafted from the surface of PS NPs the solubility of the grafted pH-responsive polymers in toluene is the key factor determining the NPs' interfacial adsorption. Under acidic conditions (pH < 6.0), PDEAEMA and PDMAEMA are protonated and show no solubility in toluene, and as a result, the grafted NPs do not adsorb at the Tol-H2O interface. Oppositely, under basic conditions (pH > 7.0), PDMAEMA dissolves in toluene and therefore the PDMAEMA-grafted NPs can adsorb at the Tol-H2O interface. Interestingly, when NPs are constituted of PDEAEMA, they can adsorb spontaneously at the Tol-H2O interface under acidic conditions (pH < 6.0) but not under basic conditions (pH > 7.0). In this case, the key factor determining the NPs' spontaneous adsorption at the Tol-H2O interface is the degree of softness of the NPs rather than the solubility of PDEAEMA in toluene. Furthermore, we found that the adsorption of NPs constituted of PDEAEMA- (pH 2.0-6.0) and PDMAEMA-grafted PS NPs (pH 7.0-10.0) at the Tol-H2O interface is a combination of diffusion-controlled and energy-barrier-controlled. The opposite trends observed for the interfacial attachment ΔE and activation energies Ea for the "constituted of" and "grafted from" NPs with pH suggest an opposite mechanisms of adsorption at the Tol-H2O interface. Finally, the synthesized NPs prove to be effective emulsifiers, where the phase of the Pickering emulsions can be changed dynamically by pH adjustment.
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/12948
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology (ICBT)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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