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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Associations of social and psychological resources with different facets of chronic stress : a study with employed and unemployed adolescents
Authors: Wade-Bohleber, Laura Maria
Duss, Carmen
Crameri, Aureliano
von Wyl, Agnes
et. al: No
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17145032
Published in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume(Issue): 17
Issue: 14
Page(s): 5032
Issue Date: 13-Jul-2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: MDPI
ISSN: 1660-4601
Language: English
Subjects: Adolescence; Unemployment; Chronic stress; Psychological resource; Social resource
Subject (DDC): 155: Differential and developmental psychology
Abstract: Adolescents navigate many psychosocial changes. A critical transition in adolescence is the one from school to work life. Both taking the first steps in work life and the failure to achieve this transition and being unemployed can engender elevated levels of stress during adolescence. Stress, especially when experienced chronically, is an important risk factor for mental health problems. Social and psychological resources may mitigate the experience of chronic stress. This study explored associations of social and family support, self-esteem, and self-efficacy with different dimensions of chronic stress in a sample of 1405 employed and unemployed adolescents (M(age) = 17.84, SD = 1.63, range: 14.05–26.12) in Switzerland. Unemployed adolescents showed higher stress levels overall. Higher levels of social and psychological resources were generally linked to lower stress levels. Social support and self-esteem predicted stress levels most consistently and strongly. On several stress dimensions, the association between higher self-esteem and lower stress levels was more pronounced in employed youth whereas the association between higher social support and lower stress levels was stronger in unemployed youth. Our findings provide insights on the differential associations of social and psychological resources with various facets of chronic stress in the context of employment and unemployment during adolescence.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Applied Psychology
Organisational Unit: Psychological Institute (PI)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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