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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Optimization potential index (OPI): an evaluation method for performance assessment and optimization potential of chillers in HVAC plants
Authors: Brenner, Lorenz
Tillenkamp, Frank
Krütli, Markus
Ghiaus, Christian
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114111
Published in: Applied Energy
Volume(Issue): 259
Issue: 114111
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0306-2619
Language: English
Subjects: Optimization potential evaluation method; Exergy analysis; Vapor compression refrigeration plants; Cold water units; Optimization potential index; OPI
Subject (DDC): 621.04: Energy engineering
Abstract: Exergy analysis allows us to determine the quality of energy sources and losses due to irreversibilities through a system. However, the quantification of possible improvements as compared with the state of the art in technology is complicated. Typically, it is referred to the thermodynamic ideal, which is not achievable in practice. Therefore, this paper introduces the exergy optimization potential index, a new key figure based on exergy analysis and technical standard values, in order to assess the achievable performance and to determine possible improvements in vapor compression refrigeration plants with cold water distribution. By dividing the plant into different subsystems (dry cooler, refrigeration machine, cold storage & transport and cooling location), each of them can be assessed individually. Furthermore, by comparing the actual exergy effort with reference values, the interpretation of the results becomes straightforward. The applicability of the method is demonstrated on two theoretical test cases and on a real system. The investigated refrigeration plant performs well in general, which is revealed with an average optimization potential index inferior to 0. However, the subsystem dry cooler shows potential for improvement in the period of May to mid of July. Also, three out of seven cooling locations have performance issues, which is indicated with an average optimization potential index of at least 0.07. Overall, the electrical exergy input has a major impact on the optimization potential index. This reveals the importance of minimizing the electrical energy usage, as it is the main overhead in the operating cost of refrigeration plants.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Energy Systems and Fluid Engineering (IEFE)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Engineering

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