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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Accuracy of simulated data for bifacial systems with varying tilt angles and share of diffuse radiation
Authors: Nussbaumer, Hartmut
Janssen, Gaby
Berrian, Djaber
Wittmer, Bruno
Klenk, Markus
Baumann, Thomas
Baumgartner, Franz
Morf, Marco
Burgers, Antonius
Libal, Joris
Mermoud, André
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2019.12.071
Published in: Solar Energy
Volume(Issue): 197
Page(s): 6
Pages to: 21
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0038-092X
Language: English
Subjects: Bifacial; Energy yield; Measurement; Simulation; Accuracy; Tilt angle; PV; Photovoltaics
Subject (DDC): 
Abstract: Potential investors in bifacial PV systems are still deterred by the uncertainty of energy yield predictions. Validation of the prediction methods and establishing an accuracy range is therefore a central prerequisite concerning the bankability of the bifacial technology. Because of the sensitivity on multiple additional factors compared to standard monofacial installations, the yield simulation of a bifacial PV array is far more complicated. The available simulation tools for bifacial systems still have to prove their reliability, also for predicting the effect of varying ambient and installation conditions. Moreover, bifacial devices enable new types of applications, such as vertical installations. In this work, we compare the results of simulation tools developed at ISC Konstanz and ECN.TNO, as well as the output of the commercial PVsyst simulation software, to measured data. The measured data is obtained by a test rig that carries out a continuous and automated variation of the tilt angle. The test rig is not a single stand-alone module but an array in order to include shading effects of real extended systems. In addition, the measurements focus on a central module, which represents the conditions of a typical device in an array. Days with differing light intensity and share of diffuse radiation were chosen to determine the impact of the insolation conditions on the simulation accuracy. General trends with regard to the sensitivity to tilt and insolation conditions are analyzed in order to evaluate the quality of state-of-the-art bifacial energy yield simulations.
Fulltext version: Accepted version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Restricted until: 2022-02-01
Departement: School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Energy Systems and Fluid Engineering (IEFE)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Engineering

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