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Publication type: Book part
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: A longitudinal study on generalized anxiety among university students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Switzerland
Authors: Amendola, Simone
von Wyl, Agnes
Volken, Thomas
Zysset, Annina
Huber, Marion
Dratva, Julia
et. al: No
DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88974-282-0
Published in: Closure and Reopening of Schools and Universities During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Prevention and Control Measures, Support Strategies for Vulnerable Students and Psychosocial Needs
Editors of the parent work: Commodari, Elena
Coniglio, Maria Anna
Conti, Daniela
La Rosa, Valentina Lucia
Page(s): 15
Pages to: 24
Issue Date: 3-Feb-2022
Series: Frontiers Research Topics
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Frontiers Media
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Lausanne
ISBN: 978-2-88974-282-0
Language: English
Subjects: Anxiety; Longitudinal; Lockdown; Coronavirus; COVID-19 pandemic; Linear mixed model
Subject (DDC): 158: Applied psychology
305: Groups (age, origine, gender, income)
Abstract: Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic and government measures implemented to counter the spread of the infection may be a major stressor affecting the psychological health of university students. This study aimed to explore how anxiety symptoms changed during the pandemic. Methods: 676 students (76% females) at Zurich University of Applied Sciences participated in the first (T0) and second (T1) survey waves. Anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-Scale-7 (GAD-7). Risk and protective factors (e.g., COVID-19-related variables) were examined. Results: GAD-7 scores decreased significantly from T0 to T1 (mean change: -0.446,SE = 0.132, 95% CI: -0.706,-0.186, t =-3.371, df = 659, p = 0.001). Participants with moderate-to-severe anxiety score were 20.2 and 15.6% at T0 and T1, respectively. The following positively predicted anxiety: older age, female gender, non-Swiss nationality, loneliness, participants’ concern about their own health, and interaction between time and participants’ concern about their own health. Resilience and social support negatively predicted anxiety. Conclusions: Our findings provide information for public health measures and psychological interventions supporting the mental health of university students during the COVID-19 emergency.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Applied Psychology
School of Health Sciences
Organisational Unit: Institute of Public Health (IPH)
Psychological Institute (PI)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Gesundheit von Studierenden in Zeiten der Corona-Pandemie
Appears in collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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