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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Prediction of future falls in a community dwelling older adult population using instrumented balance and gait analysis
Authors: Bauer, Christoph
Gröger, I.
Rupprecht, R.
Marcar, V.L.
Gaßmann, K.G.
DOI: 10.21256/zhaw-2714
Published in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Volume(Issue): 49
Issue: 3
Page(s): 232
Pages to: 236
Issue Date: Apr-2016
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Springer
ISSN: 0948-6704
Language: English
Subjects: Accidental falls; Gait; Geriatric assessment; Postural balance; Prognosis; Accidental Falls; Actigraphy; Aged; Female; Forecasting; Gait; Geriatric Assessment; Humans; Independent Living; Male; Postural Balance; Prognosis; Reproducibility of Results; Risk Assessment; Sensitivity and Specificity
Subject (DDC): 610: Medicine and health
Abstract: Background: The role of instrumented balance and gait assessment when screening for prospective fallers is currently a topic of controversial discussion. Objectives: This study analyzed the association between variables derived from static posturography, instrumented gait analysis and clinical assessments with the occurrence of prospective falls in a sample of community dwelling older people. Methods: In this study 84 older people were analyzed. Based on a prospective occurrence of falls, participants were categorized into fallers and non-fallers. Variables derived from clinical assessments, static posturography and instrumented gait analysis were evaluated with respect to the association with the occurrence of prospective falls using a forward stepwise, binary, logistic regression procedure. Results: Fallers displayed a significantly shorter single support time during walking while counting backwards, increased mediolateral to anteroposterior sway amplitude ratio, increased fast mediolateral oscillations and a larger coefficient (Coeff) of sway direction during various static posturography tests. Previous falls were insignificantly associated with the occurrence of prospective falls. Conclusion: Variables derived from posturography and instrumented gait analysis showed significant associations with the occurrence of prospective falls in a sample of community dwelling older adults.
Fulltext version: Accepted version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: School of Health Sciences
Appears in collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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